2017年建筑工程领域的6个技术应用趋势

时间:2017-07-18    来源:BIMBOX     BIM编辑:wanghe
建设行业,中国BIM培训网

  Technology is fast-changing the world we live in and construction is by no means immune to that.

  技术正快速的改变着我们的生活,建设行业也无法避免。

  Recent advancements have seen many tech innovations that started out as novelties or gimmicks quickly find their way to practical applications.

  从最近的进展可以看到,许多技术变革最开始只是新奇产品或者噱头,但很快它们就找到了进入实践领域的方法。

  Here we look at six areas to watch in 2017.

  2017年,我们对以下6个领域进行了观察。

  可穿戴技术

  First-up is wearable tech.

  首先是可穿戴技术。

  This of course includes things like smart watches that put the myriad of apps already used by the industry onto the arms of professionals and operatives alike.

  这当然包在工业领域用来装备专业人员或者作业人员的智能手表,上面装有种种APP。

  Such devices have also been trailed in monitoring the location of persons on site, taking roll calls and in checking the body temperature and heart rate of those operating plant and machinery.

  这种可穿戴的装置,已经被用来监控场地内人员的位置情况,登记操作机械和设备的人,检查他们的体温与心跳状况。

  Wearable tech also extends to new devices like DAQRI’s Smart Helmet, bringing augmented reality (AR) into the field.

  可穿戴技术还发展出了像DAQRI公司的智能安全帽这种新装置,把增强现实技术带到施工现场。

  We’ll look at what that means, together with virtual reality (VR) a little later on.

  我们先说说这意味着什么,稍后再说增强现实技术。

  机器人技术

  The successful application of robotics in construction has the potential to greatly enhance efficiency and safety in many instances.

  机器人技术在建筑行业的成功应用,有可能在许多情况下,大幅提高效率和安全性。

  Whilst the demolition trades have been using robotic kit for some time, recent trials have seen the technology move into bricklaying, track-laying and product manufacturing.

  与此同时拆迁行业使用机器人设备已经有一段时间了,目前正在尝试将机器人技术运用到砌砖,铺轨,产品制造中。

  There’s also increasing interest in automated plant; unmanned machinery that can work around the clock, taking its lead from GPS co-ordinates,survey data and digital design information.

  自动化工厂也受到越来越多的关注,无人操作的机械设备可以昼夜不停的工作,通过GPS定位,可用来勘测数据和数字设计信息。

  Robotics has the potential to be extremely disruptive, challenging the fundamentals of site labour needs and pushing new levels of quality assurance.

  机器人技术有很大的可能性打破现状,挑战现有的劳动力需求,将质量保证推到一个新的高度。

  The challenge for this area remains the entry-cost and a serious recognition of its applications; many still see the concept as science fiction.

  这一领域依然面临着进入成本和一系列的应用认知挑战,许多人还认为这个观念是科学幻想。

  物联网

  The broad category of internet of things includes smart houses that allow us remotely control temperature and optimise energy performance.

  包括智能住宅在内的广义物联网,让我们可以远程控制温度,优化能源利用率。

  The arguably greater prize is “big data”;the ability to hone and perfect the built environment that we construct and operate by having an aggregate, trend-level view of how it is performing.

  可以说有较大价值的东西是大数据;一种通过宏观的、趋势性的视角,来把我们建造和管理的建筑环境打磨的更好的能力。

  Such data can be obtained from building management systems or sensor nodes integrated within built assets.

  这种数据可以通过建筑管理系统,或者整合在建筑内部的传感器节点获取。

  This area is closely linked to what many understand as “BIM Level 3”though the exact definition and parameters of that term are still under development.

  这个领域与人们所说的BIM Level 3 联系非常紧密,尽管它的准确定义和参数还在发展阶段。

  虚拟+增强现实技术

  The use of virtual reality (VR) is exploding in the construction sector, quickly moving from being a gimmick into a valuable tool for project teams and end users alike.

  虚拟现实技术在建筑业的应用已经爆发,它很快就从噱头转变成了对项目团队和最终用户有价值的工具。

  VR creates an immersive environment in a headset or cardboard viewer, or even an enveloping 360 pop-up tent or room.

  虚拟现实技术在头戴式设备、纸箱板查看器、甚至是一个360度弹出式帐篷或者房间中,创造了一个可沉浸环境。

  Its key applications to date include health and safety training and stakeholder engagement.

  到目前为止,它关键性的应用包括健康与安全培训,以及相关利益者的参与。

  Stepping back from the fully immersive experience,augmented reality - or AR - applies a graphic layer to our real-world view.

  从完全浸入式体验中跳出来,增强现实技术也就是AR,是在我们真实世界的视野中增加了一个图层。

  Its thought this could lead into overlays of data for site personnel,bringing them everything they need from construction-issue information and specifications to stats on productivity and health and safety warnings.

  它可以为现场人员引入资料的覆盖图,带给他们任何需要的东西:从建设问题信息和说明书,到生产力、健康和安全警告有关的统计表。

  无人飞行器

  The rise of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs)-often referred to as drones-has been well documented in the construction industry.

  无人飞行器,通常被称为无人机,它在建筑工业领域的发展是显而易见的。

  Again what perhaps felt like gimmick-technology in the first instance, has steadily matured into practical applications.

  这又是一个在最开始感觉像是技术噱头的玩意儿,稳步的成熟起来,投入到了实际应用中。

  UAVs have been used for health and safety inspections, progress reporting and most-prominently in site surveying;

  无人机已经被用来进行健康和安全检查,进度报告,特别是场地勘测。

  capturing accurate data on large areas in just a few minutes and accessing potentially hazardous zones with ease, keeping surveyors themselves safe.

  在大范围内获取精确的数据,仅需几分钟,可以轻易的接近有潜在危险的区域,保证测量员自身安全。

  3D打印技术

  The ability to 3D print physical objects is impacting construction at both ends of the scale.

  3D打印实物能力的提高,对建筑的影响越来越大。

  Accurate digital design information allows 3D printing to be used for everything from rapid prototyping, component manufacture and scale modelling, to full scale printing of excavator cabs and the concrete printing of entire structures.

  精确的数字设计信息让3D打印可以用来做很多事,从快速原型设计,元件制造,比例模型,到挖掘机驾驶室的全尺寸打印,甚至是整个建筑物的混凝土打印。

  If you’re watching this video back 10 years from now, then we hope you found it funny.

  如果倒退十年你看到这个视频,我们希望你觉得这很有趣。

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